Night lighting of buildings is to use lighting to shape the image of buildings at night so as to beautify and mark the buildings. The basic requirements are as follows:
1. Highlight the theme, distinctive features and building image;
2. Not only highlight the key points, but also take into account the general effect of lighting liquid crystal to ensure the coordination with the surrounding lighting;
3. Technical and artistic combination of lighting;
4. Comply with relevant planning and specification requirements;
5. Careful use of colored light;
6. Choose reasonable lighting methods (floodlighting, contour lighting, internal transmittance lighting, dynamic lighting);
7. Save capital and electricity;
8. Avoid glare or light interference to buildings and observers;
9. The design of the control system should be flexible;
10, lighting facilities to be safe and reliable, easy to maintain.
Buildings are illuminated at night
The building's night lighting, the most commonly used floodlight lighting, contour lighting, lighting, etc.
The floodlight illumination of the building facade is to directly illuminate the building facade with the projection light (floodlight) at a certain Angle calculated according to the design to reshape the building at night In the image. The effect can not only show the overall appearance of the building, but also can effectively show the modeling, three-dimensional sense, decorative stone materials and material texture, and even decorative details.
Floodlighting is not simply to reproduce the daytime image of the building, but to use the means of light, color and shadow of the projection lighting to reshape the image of the building at night more moving, beautiful and magnificent.
Inside pervious to light illume is to use indoor light or the lamps and lanterns that the device is in special position to transmit light outward from inside the building, form the nightscape illume effect that exquisite get rid of shows.
The square is illuminated at night
The shape and area of the square are both amorphous and various, so the landscape lighting must grasp the inherent characteristics of the square and give full play to the opportunity of the square.
Square landscape lighting, first of all to the square around the building landscape lighting and the lighting of other parts of the square, the square and square avenue landscape lighting to coordinate up, to unify the inherent culture.
Square lighting mainly includes: fountain, square ground and signs, someone can walk the road, underground or subway entrance light and surrounding green space, flower beds and other environmental lighting composition.
Waterscape garden lighting at night
Waterscape is an important part of garden landscape. There are many water features, such as the open water and the rippling blue lake, as well as streams, fountains, waterfalls and cement pools.
The method of nightscape lighting on the water surface is to use the real scene of the water surface and the illumination of the trees and railings on the bank to form a reflection on the water surface. The reflection and the real scene are in contrast with each other, foiling and reflecting each other, and the dynamic effect of the reflection makes people full of fun and beautiful.
For fountains, waterfalls can use underwater lighting, the same or different colors of underwater lights, according to a certain pattern arrangement upward irradiation, the effect is magical, interesting.
Trees are one of the four elements of landscape architecture. In addition to beautifying the environment for appreciation, trees also have the effect of regulating and protecting the environment. Lighting should be treated differently according to tree height, size, shape and color.
Lighting methods of roads in the garden: roads are the veins of the garden, leading visitors to various scenic spots from the entrance. The path to the winding, to create a step to move different scenery, winding through the secluded effect. Lighting methods should be closely related to this feature.
Sculpture in the garden, signs, one is ornamental; The other is monumental. Lighting should be from the characteristics of sculpture, especially for the key parts such as: head, expression, material, color and the surrounding environment, using side from top to bottom cast light, not from the front even irradiation, so as to create a true expression, luster appropriate, three-dimensional sense of the lighting effect. Narrow beam lamps should be selected with an appropriate light source, to avoid the direction of visitors' line of sight, to prevent glare interference.
Classical architecture lighting at night
Chinese classical architecture can be said to be unique, its own system, in the use of materials, modeling and plane and spatial layout have their own inherent characteristics. The main building is in the middle and the other buildings are all developed on both sides according to the central axis. The architectural form basically consists of three parts: the foundation, the roof and the body.
The roof of Chinese classic building often make it is downy curve, all round cornice is high warped, overlying is green ash tile or vitreous tile, this is one of inherent characteristics of Chinese classic building oneself.
Therefore, it is the key to accurately grasp this feature and highlight it in the form of light at night.
The arch of the gate, which is made of crisscross wood, is a unique form of Chinese classical architecture. The oil painting of beam, column, door and arch adds the beauty of the building through colorful patterns. Using appropriate lamps and lanterns to choose appropriate light source is the focus of Chinese classical architectural lighting.
In view of the layout, form, color and material of Chinese classical architecture are different from those of modern architecture, so the lighting, color matching and lamps and lanterns modeling should highlight the characteristics of ancient architecture and strive to accurately express its unique classical architectural culture and artistic connotation as the starting point.